Some species have additional levels of protection and it becomes a criminal offence to disturb them without a licence to do so. It may be necessary carry out dedicated surveys to assess numbers and status of some protected species, in particular, Bats, Badgers, Dormice, Reptiles and Schedule 1 Raptors, such as Red Kites.
Only licensed specialists can undertake survey and mitigation works for protected species.
All works that will potentially affect a protected species will require a special “European Protected Species Licence” to be issued prior to the commencement of any developments. In Wales these are issued by Natural Resources Wales (NRW). The licensing procedure can be a difficult process to navigate but the expert mitigation advice which ecologists provide can ensure that the required Method Statements and Licence Application documents are correctly completed for the NRW licensing team to evaluate. The key to this whole process is an open, constructive and detailed liaison between ecologists, clients, architects, planners and the licensing staff.