All works that will potentially affect a protected species will require a special “European Protected Species Licence” to be issued prior to the commencement of any developments. In Wales these are issued by Natural Resources Wales (NRW). The licensing procedure can be a difficult process to navigate but the expert mitigation advice which ecologists provide can ensure that the required Method Statements and Licence Application documents are correctly completed for the NRW licensing team to evaluate. The key to this whole process is an open, constructive and detailed liaison between ecologists, clients, architects, planners and the licencing staff. Ecologists working through Biodiversity Solutions all know the procedures and the key people very well.